The 1981 U.N. Declaration paradigm uses Article 4 to describe effective measures that may produce solutions to intolerance and discrimination based on religion or belief in your community. The article defines the obligations of states to formulate and implement a policy to guarantee freedom of religion or belief. Paragraph one refers to effective measures taken by all states, but obviously it is meant to encourage all sectors of society. Paragraph two refers to legislative measures to enact or rescind legislation. This manual uses article 4 of the 1981 U.N. Declaration to describe sub-national and community legislative measures, and article 7 of the 1981 U.N. Declaration to describe national legislative measures.