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UN NGO in Special Consultative Status with the
Economic and Social Council of the United Nations

Separation of Religion or Belief and State


PERSPECTIVES: The Tandem Projects offers perspectives from distinguished authors, writers, religious and diplomatic leaders on freedom of religion or belief.  They are offered with the greatest respect for the dignity of all people of all religions or beliefs and in no way is meant to insult or defame anyone or any belief.

Recognizes that the open public debate of ideas, as well as interfaith and intercultural dialogue at the local, national and international levels can be among the best protections against religious intolerance, and can play a positive role in strengthening democracy and combating religious hatred, and convinced that a continuing dialogue on these issues can help overcome existing misperceptions.

– Preamble, UN General Assembly Resolution 66/167

United Nations Resolution – a Culture of Tolerance & Peace Based on Religion or Belief

Attachment: Melville’s Moby Dick – An American Nekyia

Author: Edward F. Edinger (1922- 1998) Colleagues said he was the most influential Jungian analyst in the United States from the 1950's until his death.  Dr. Edinger believed that many neuroses were associated with the decline of religion and the dominance of science. He thought it was important for the afflicted to grasp elements of religion, philosophy, literature and even alchemy to heal and thrive. Edinger said of himself: “I am not a scholar but a depth psychotherapist. This book is an effort not so much to understand Melville as to understand the psyche, especially the collective psyche, through the genius of Melville’s imagination.”

Author’s Note: The Greek word nekyia (nek-ee-ee-ah) has been suggested by Jung as a term for the descent to the underworld. Nekyia… the title of the eleventh book of the Odyssey, is the sacrifice to the dead for conjuring up the departed from Hades. Nekyia is therefore an apt designation for the “journey to Hades,” the descent into the land of the dead…Typical examples are the Divine Comedy, the classical Walpurgisnacht in Faust, the apocryphal accounts of Christ’s descent into hell, etc.  “I shall follow the endless, winding way – the flowing river in the cave of man.” – Herman Melville, Pierre.

The Tandem Project a non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1986 to build understanding, tolerance, and respect for diversity of religion or belief, and to prevent discrimination in matters relating to freedom of religion or belief. The Tandem Project has sponsored multiple conferences, curricula, reference material and programs on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights- Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion – and the 1981 United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief.

Additional Attachments: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Universal Periodic Review & Freedom of Religion or Belief.; Rights & Beliefs; Your View