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{mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in; mso-level-number-position:left; text-indent:-.25in;} @list l6:level9 {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in; mso-level-number-position:left; text-indent:-.25in;} @list l7 {mso-list-id:2141074725; mso-list-template-ids:-75960490;} @list l7:level1 {mso-level-number-format:bullet; mso-level-text:; mso-level-tab-stop:.5in; mso-level-number-position:left; text-indent:-.25in; mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt; font-family:Symbol;} ol {margin-bottom:0in;} ul {margin-bottom:0in;} --> </style> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--> <title>Indonesia - Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review</title></head> <body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'> <div class=Section1> <p align="right" class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:120.0pt;text-indent:-120.0pt;tab-stops: 120.0pt;mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><script src="http://www.gmodules.com/ig/ifr?url=http://www.google.com/ig/modules/translatemypage.xml&up_source_language=en&w=150&h=50&title=&border=&output=js"></script>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 12.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:12.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>THE TANDEM PROJECT<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.tandemproject.com/">http://www.tandemproject.com</a>.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><u><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p><span style='text-decoration: none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></font></u></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>UNITED NATIONS, HUMAN RIGHTS,<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF <o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Separation of Religion or Belief &amp; State<o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><u><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p><span style='text-decoration: none'>&nbsp;</span></o:p></span></font></u></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center;mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none'><st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>INDONESIA</span></font></b></st1:place></st1:country-region><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila <o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><em>Available in other languages: <a href="javascript:window.location.reload(true)">click here</a> if the language box does not display.</em></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-pagination:none;tab-stops:391.5pt;mso-layout-grid-align: none;text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Issue: </span></font></b><st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Indonesia</span></font></st1:place></st1:country-region><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'> - Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-pagination:none;tab-stops:391.5pt;mso-layout-grid-align: none;text-autospace:none'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:13.5pt;background: white'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Review: </span></font></b><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila </span></font></i><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>is the official government philosophy which recognizes six religions in the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Indonesian</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">State</st1:PlaceType></st1:place></span></font><font size=2 color=black><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;color:black; mso-ansi-language:EN'>: Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confuscianism. </span></font><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Pancasila does <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>not support</span></b> equal rights for all <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief-</span></i>Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Available below at: The Tandem Project Follow-up). <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span><o:p></o:p></span></i></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:13.5pt;background: white'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=1 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt;color:black;font-style: italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:13.5pt;background: white'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;color:black; mso-ansi-language:EN;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila</span></font></i><font size=2 color=black><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;color:black; mso-ansi-language:EN'> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>philsophical foundation of the Indonesian State</span></i>. (Attached). <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. UPR Introduction and News: <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align: none;text-autospace:none'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRMain.aspx">http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRMain.aspx</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Indonesia Universal Periodic Review</span></i> was held in the first session of the UN Human Rights Council UPR process on <st1:date Year="2008" Day="9" Month="4" w:st="on">Wednesday 9 April 2008</st1:date>. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Reports in the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review include: <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>National Report; Compilation of UN Information; Summary of Stakeholders Information; Questions Submitted in Advance; Report of the Working Group; Related Web cast Archives. </span></i></span></font><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=1><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 11.0pt'>The <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Indonesia Adopted Universal Periodic Review </span></i>with Inter-active Archives is available at:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 11.0pt'><a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/idsession1.aspx">http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/idsession1.aspx</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Indonesian National Human Rights Commission (Komnas-HAM) reporting for the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review said the year 2005-2006 could be considered as  a new era for human rights promotion in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> with signing and ratification of a number of international human rights instruments. Nevertheless, it should be noted that, <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> has not yet ratified the Optional Protocol of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>THE TANDEM PROJECT FOLLOW-UP<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>General Comment 22, Article 18, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Human Rights Committee (CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.4) is a guide to human rights law on freedom of religion or belief. This document is prerequisite reading to understanding The Tandem Project Follow-up Recommendations: Available at: <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 11.0pt'><a href="http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/9a30112c27d1167cc12563ed004d8f15?Opendocument">http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/9a30112c27d1167cc12563ed004d8f15?Opendocument</a><u><o:p></o:p></u></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>______________________________________________________________________________________________<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>RECOMMENDATIONS<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Disclaimer</span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>: Information on government and non-governmental websites is for public distribution unless copyrighted. Recommendations are opinions of The Tandem Project and are not endorsed by governments and non-governmental organizations. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Tandem Project Follow-up examines one issue at a time to measure progress on human rights and freedom of religion or belief at international, national and local levels.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Google: </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Religions of <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Indonesia">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Indonesia</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC): </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.oic-oci.org/">http://www.oic-oci.org/</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations has a membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting peace and harmony among various peoples of the world. Over the last 38 years, the membership has grown from its founding members from 30 to 57 states. The Organization has the singular honor to galvanize the Ummah into a unified body of 1.5 billion Muslims of the world. The Organization has consultative and cooperation status with the UN and other inter-governmental organizations to protect the vial interests of Muslims and to work for the settlement of conflicts and disputes involving Member States. In safeguarding the true values of Islam and the Muslims, the organization has taken various steps to remove misperceptions and have strongly advocated elimination of discrimination against Muslims in all forms and manifestations. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <ul style='margin-top:0in' type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo3; tab-stops:list .5in'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Recommendation: </span></font></b><st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Indonesia</span></font></st1:place></st1:country-region><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'> is a nation with the largest Muslim population in the world and is a member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Pakistan</st1:place></st1:country-region> speaks on behalf of the 57 OIC Member States on the floor of the UN Human Rights Council. The right to change religion is not a consensus issue at the UN Human Rights Council (See the attachment). The OIC, Indonesian National Human Rights Commission, two major Islamic social organizations, Nahdlatal Ulama, Muhammadiyah and the smaller Shi a organizations in Indonesia might sponsor an educational forum as a follow-up to the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review:</span></i> Reconciliation with General Comment 22 on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.<o:p></o:p></span></font></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:none; text-autospace:none'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Center for Religious and Cross Cultural Studies</span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>: <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">Gadjah Mada University</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:country-region></st1:place>. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:none; text-autospace:none'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Freedom and Responsibility: When Muslims &amp; Christians Explore Their Theology. <o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:none; text-autospace:none'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.crcs.ugm.ac.id/news.php?news_id=189">http://www.crcs.ugm.ac.id/news.php?news_id=189</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Center for Religious and Cross Cultural Studies (CRCS) was established in 2000 in the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Graduate</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">School</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">Gadjah Mada University</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:country-region></st1:place>. The primary vision of CRCS is to promote the development of a democratic, multicultural and just society in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> by establishing a center of excellence on religious studies with an international reputation.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <ul style='margin-top:0in' type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo3; tab-stops:list .5in'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Recommendation: </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Professors are from <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>. Visiting professors are from overseas universities with experience in religious studies and comparative religion. Expand this course to include a section on <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style: italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review, </span></i>for all religions and beliefs in the post Indonesia Universal Periodic Review Follow-up.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Include the development of a model international-national-social integrated approach to Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: <font color="#1f497d"><span style='color:#1F497D'><a href="http://www.tandemproject.com/links/051609_usa.pdf">Universal Periodic Review &amp; Freedom of Religion or Belief</a>. </span></font><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>Such a course can take the lead in training future academics as <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> moves forward in the next four years with follow-up to the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review. <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Norway</st1:place></st1:country-region> might send visiting professors to the graduate program to discuss Muslim-Christian theology in the context of the Norwegian Universal Periodic Review in December 2009. The intellectual-theological challenge is whether these States can retain elements of their constitutions with theological legal structures such as Pancasila in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>, <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceType w:st="on">State</st1:PlaceType> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">Church</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Norway</st1:place></st1:country-region> and Shari a law in some Muslim countries, while reconciling them with international human rights law identified by General Comment 22 on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span><st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Oslo</st1:place></st1:City> Coalition <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> Project; </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.oslocoalition.org/indonesia.php">www.oslocoalition.org/indonesia.php</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief Indonesia Project started in 2002 with a Norwegian delegation visit to <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>. The Indonesia Project aims at establishing relationships both between faith communities and between academia in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Norway</st1:place></st1:country-region> and <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>, with a view to cooperation in the fields of inter-religious dialogue, human rights protection, and conflict resolution. The project emphasizes the role of religious education, dialogue and cooperation in fostering tolerance and interfaith perspectives in academic training with particular attention to women and youth. In 2009 the project will focus on empowering local interfaith networks to solve environmental problems, a course for teachers of religion through its network of interfaith NGO s and an academic program with ICRS at <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Gadjah</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Mada</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">University</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> (see website above). <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Oslo Coalition Deskbook provides historical and philosophical background on religious human rights, detailed analysis of applicable international norms and international procedural mechanisms for safeguarding these norms. The Indonesian translation of the Oslo Coalition s desk book will be published in an adapted Indonesian edition in 2009. It is being translated into Russian and Chinese. Using the Deskbook as a resource, the group Facilitating Freedom of Religion or Belief organizes, facilitates or supports courses, seminars and workshops on Freedom of Religion or Belief for academic institutions and NGOs. In 2009 the focus will be on training of trainers for young lawyers attached to the Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI) through its 14 regional offices. Cases related to abuses of freedom of religion are becoming more frequent in the courts, and the YLBHI have identified a need for further education and information on this topic. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <ul style='margin-top:0in' type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo3; tab-stops:list .5in'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Recommendation: </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief was launched in 1998 with offices in the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights. It is one of the world s foremost authorities on Article 18-everyone has the right to freedom of religion or belief  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the 1981 UN Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. The <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceName w:st="on">International</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">Center</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> for Law and Religion Studies (ICLRS) maintains a database at Brigham Young University (BYU) in the <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">United States</st1:place></st1:country-region> and has a partnership with the Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila </span></i>&amp; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>the Universal Periodic Review</span></i> is an issue that might be considered by the Indonesia Project for the course for young lawyers attached to the Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation in 2010. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Missionary Activities and Human Rights, </span></i>a companion project of the Oslo Coalition, has published a common code of conduct for proselytism that could be part of the course. The World Council of Churches, Lutheran World Federation, major Islamic organizations, Nahdlatal Ulama and Muhammadiyah, and Shi a organizations in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>, might be invited to participate in an effort to reconcile <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila </span></i>with UN General Comment 22 on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>World Council of Churches; </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.oikoumene.org/">http://www.oikoumene.org/</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span></span></font></b><font size=1><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The World Council of Churches (WCC) based in <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">Geneva</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Switzerland</st1:country-region></st1:place> is the broadest and most inclusive among the many organized expressions of the modern ecumenical movement, a movement whose goal is Christian unity. The WCC brings together 349 churches, denominations and church fellowships in more than 110 countries and territories thorough out the world, representing over 560 million Christians. The Commission of the Churches in International Affairs (CCIA) voices concerns for the WCC at the UN and other inter-governmental bodies. The program on Inter-religious dialogue and cooperation of the WCC promotes respectful coexistence and peaceful integration in a pluralistic society, enabling bilateral and multilateral dialogues, regional and cross-cultural encounters on topics like the perceptions of  the other ; religion and violence; etc.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 11.0pt'>World Council of Churches Stakeholder Letter: <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> Universal Periodic Review. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/WCC_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_WorldCouncilofChurches_uprsubmission.pdf">http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/WCC_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_WorldCouncilofChurches_uprsubmission.pdf</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <ul style='margin-top:0in' type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo3; tab-stops:list .5in'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Recommendation: </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>The World Council of Churches (WCC) Commission of the Churches on International Affairs Stakeholder Letter submitted a written report on the situation of ongoing human rights violations in <st1:place w:st="on">West Papua</st1:place>, <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> for the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review. The WCC has twelve member churches in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> with numerous local congregations. The WCC might work with the Oslo Coalition Indonesia Project, project on Missionary Activities and Human Rights and the WCC <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Common Code of Conduct, </span></i>a<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> </span></i>dialogue started two years ago with the Vatican other evangelical Christian organizations and Muslims. Use standards on freedom of religion or belief in education curricula and places of worship see below;  teaching children, from the very beginning, that their own religion is one out of many and that it is a personal choice for everyone to adhere to the religion or belief by which he or she feels most inspired, or to adhere to no religion or belief at all. This is a contentious issue with Islam (See the Attachment). With the Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief hold a forum on <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review </span></i>as a post Indonesia Universal Periodic Review Follow-up. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></b></span></font></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Franciscans International (FI): </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.franciscansinternational.org/">http://www.franciscansinternational.org/</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Franciscans International is a non-governmental organization (NGO) at the United Nations. It is an international ministry founded in 1989 of the entire Franciscan movement, men and women, lay and cleric, Protestant and Catholic. Operating under the sponsorship of the Conference of the Franciscan Family (CFF) which has the see in <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Rome</st1:place></st1:City>, it serves all Franciscans and the community by bringing the spiritual and ethical values of Franciscan life to the issues facing the world community. It strives to bring the concerns and the voice of the poor, oppressed and powerless people of the world to the world table when the governments of the world deliberate. Formation at FI means educating Franciscans in human rights advocacy and poverty eradication, offering practical experiences at the policy-making level in <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Geneva</st1:place></st1:City> and <st1:State w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">New York</st1:place></st1:State>, and providing them with the resources to translate this knowledge into better service for their home communities around the world.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Stakeholder Letter; <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> Universal Periodic Review:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/FI_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_FranciscansInternational_uprsubmission.pdf">http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/FI_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_FranciscansInternational_uprsubmission.pdf</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <ul style='margin-top:0in' type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo3; tab-stops:list .5in'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Recommendation: </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>Franciscans International (FI) Stakeholder submission letter for the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review included several co-signatories; Justitia Pax <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Netherlands</st1:place></st1:country-region>, Catholic Diocese of Jayapara, Pax Romana and the World Council of Churches WCC) among others. Pancasila was not an issue raised in the FI letter. The letter documented human rights abuse mainly in <st1:place w:st="on">West Papua</st1:place>, <st1:place w:st="on">East Timor</st1:place> and Aceh among other areas.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>These documented cases need follow-up for the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review. The Indonesian National Human Rights Commission, Komnas-HAM, submitted a report (see below) for the Indonesia Universal Periodic Review; The Commission was aware that the year 2005-2006 could be considered as a new era for human rights promotion in <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> with signing and ratification of a number of international human rights instruments. FI and co-signatories of the stakeholder letter might consider asking Komnas-HAM to joint them in a dialogue on <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review </span></i>as a program of the new Indonesian era of human rights. <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'>______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify;line-height:13.5pt;background: white'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;color:black; mso-ansi-language:EN;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Pancasila</span></font></i><font size=2 color=black><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;color:black; mso-ansi-language:EN'> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>philsophical foundation of the Indonesian State</span></i>. (Attached).<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></b></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify'><b><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN;font-weight:bold'>Pancasila</span></font></b><font size=2><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN'> (pronounced <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:IPA" title="Wikipedia:IPA"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS";text-decoration:none; text-underline:none'>[pant</span><font face="Arial Unicode MS"><span style='font-family:"Arial Unicode MS","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";text-decoration:none;text-underline: none'></span></font><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Arial Unicode MS"; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>asila]</span></a>) is the official <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy" title=Philosophy>philosophical</a> foundation of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia" title=Indonesia>Indonesian</a> state. Pancasila consists of two <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit" title=Sanskrit>Sanskrit</a> words, &quot;<i><span style='font-style:italic'>panca</span></i>&quot; meaning five, and &quot;<i><span style='font-style:italic'>sila</span></i>&quot; meaning principles. It comprises five principles held to be inseparable and interrelated:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <ol start=1 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN'>Belief in the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotheism" title=Monotheism>one and only God</a>, (in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_language" title="Indonesia language">Indonesian</a>, <i><span style='font-style: italic'>Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa</span></i>). <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN'>Just and civilized humanity, (in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_language" title="Indonesia language">Indonesian</a>, <i><span style='font-style: italic'>Kemanusiaan Yang Adil dan Beradab</span></i>). <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN'>The unity of Indonesia, (in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_language" title="Indonesia language">Indonesian</a>, <i><span style='font-style: italic'>Persatuan Indonesia</span></i>). <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN'>Democracy guided by the inner wisdom in the unanimity arising out of deliberations amongst representatives, and (in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_language" title="Indonesia language">Indonesian</a>, <i><span style='font-style: italic'>Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebijaksanaan, Dalam Permusyawaratan Perwakilan, dan</span></i>) <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; text-align:justify;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN'>Social justice for the whole of the people of Indonesia (in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia_language" title="Indonesia language">Indonesian</a>, <i><span style='font-style: italic'>Keadilan Sosial bagi seluruh Rakyat Indonesia</span></i>) <o:p></o:p></span></font></li> </ol> <p style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:EN'>In 1945, facing the need to pull together the diverse archipelago, the future <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President" title=President>President</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukarno" title=Sukarno>Sukarno</a> promulgated Pancasila as &quot;Dasar Negara&quot; (philosophical foundation/political philosophy of Indonesian state). The ideology was announced in a speech known as &quot;The Birth of the Pancasila&quot;, in which Sukarno gave to the Independence Preparatory Committee on <span class=mw-formatted-date><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_1" title="June 1">1 June</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1945" title=1945>1945</a></span>. He thus helped solve the conflict between Muslims, nationalists and Christians. The 1945 <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Indonesia" title="Constitution of Indonesia">Constitution</a> then set forth the Pancasila as the embodiment of basic principles of an independent Indonesian state.<sup><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila_(politics)#cite_note-SAAFROEDIN6384-0#cite_note-SAAFROEDIN6384-0">[1]</a><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila_(politics)#cite_note-KUSUMA150166-1#cite_note-KUSUMA150166-1">[2]</a><a name="The_Five_Principles"></a><o:p></o:p></sup></span></font></p> <h2 align=center style='text-align:center'><a name=Criticisms></a><span class=mw-headline><b><i style='mso-ansi-font-style:normal'><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN;font-style:normal; mso-bidi-font-style:italic'>Criticisms</span></font></i></b></span><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language: EN;font-style:normal;mso-bidi-font-style:italic'><o:p></o:p></span></font></h2> <p style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:EN'>Principle 1 in particular has been criticized<sup>[<i><span style='font-style:italic'><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Avoid_weasel_words" title="Wikipedia:Avoid weasel words">who?</a></span></i>]</sup> as denying the rights of believers in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polytheism" title=Polytheism>polytheistic</a> religions which are practiced by a significant minority of Indonesians. On the other hand this principle also guarantees that the concept of God in Hinduism and Buddhism is equal to the concept of God in the Islam and the Christendom. It is also criticized by the small, still-existing minority of atheists, secular communists and socialists in Indonesia, which feel that their rights on what to believe in is being violated. Religious observance being strongly encoraged as an anti-communist tool and as atheism was inseparable in official minds from communism, atheism was banned as &quot;Anti-Pancasila&quot;<sup><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila_(politics)#cite_note-9#cite_note-9">[10]</a></sup>.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:EN'>In contrast, some <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservatism" title=Conservatism>conservative</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim" title=Muslim>Muslims</a> have criticized Pancasila for being too <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secular" title=Secular>secular</a> and inclusive, diluting the uniqueness of Islam by placing man-made precepts at a higher level than the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a>. For example, the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jemaah_Islamiyah" title="Jemaah Islamiyah">Jemaah Islamiyah</a> (JI) terror group is the latest anti-Pancasila manifestation. JI's precursor was the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam" title="Darul Islam">Darul Islam</a> movement<sup><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila_(politics)#cite_note-10#cite_note-10">[11]</a></sup> which in 1948 challenged the new secularist republic through <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_war" title="Civil war">civil war</a> that claimed some 27,000 lives.<sup><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila_(politics)#cite_note-11#cite_note-11">[12]</a></sup><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>______________________________________________________________________________________________<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Indonesian National Human Rights Commission<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/INHRC_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_IndonesianNationalHumanRightsCommission_uprsubmission.pdf">http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/ID/INHRC_IDN_UPR_S1_2008_IndonesianNationalHumanRightsCommission_uprsubmission.pdf</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Stakeholder Letters</span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>: Submitted for the <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region> Universal Periodic Review. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'><a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRIndonesiaStakeholderInfoS1.aspx">http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRIndonesiaStakeholderInfoS1.aspx</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p style='text-align:justify'><st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 color=black face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>U.S.</span></font></b></st1:place></st1:country-region><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> State Department</span></font></b><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>: 2008 International Religious Freedom Report; <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Indonesia</st1:place></st1:country-region>. The full report is available at: <a href="http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2008/108407.htm">http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2008/108407.htm</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:11.0pt'>______________________________________________________________________________________________<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt;font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, at the Alliance of Civilizations Madrid Forum said;  never in our lifetime has there been a more desperate need for constructive and committed dialogue, among individuals, among communities, among cultures, among and between nations. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Genuine dialogue on human rights and freedom of religion or belief calls for respectful discourse, discussion of taboos and clarity by persons of diverse beliefs. Inclusive dialogue includes people of <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief.</span></i> The warning signs are clear, unless there is genuine dialogue ranging from religious fundamentalism to secular dogmatism; conflicts in the future will probably be even more deadly. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>In 1968 the UN deferred work on an International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Religious Intolerance because of its complexity and sensitivity. In forty years violence, suffering and discrimination based on religion or belief has dramatically increased. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>It is time </span></b>for a UN Working Group to draft what they deferred in 1968, a comprehensive core international human rights treaty- a United Nations Convention on Freedom of Religion or Belief: <a href="http://www.tandemproject.com/links/history.pdf">United Nations History  Freedom of Religion or Belief</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The challenge to religions or beliefs at all levels is <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>awareness, understanding and acceptance </span></i>of international human rights standards on freedom of religion or belief. Leaders, teachers and followers of all religions or beliefs, with governments, are keys to test the viability of inclusive and genuine dialogue in response to the UN Secretary General s urgent call for constructive and committed dialogue.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The Tandem Project title, <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-style:italic; mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Separation of Religion or Belief and State (</span></i></span></font><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=1><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>SOROBAS</span></font></i><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>), </span></font></i><font size=2><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>reflects the far-reaching scope of General Comment 22 on Article 18, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Human Rights Committee (CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.4). The Comment is a guide to international human rights law on religion or belief for peaceful cooperation, respectful competition and resolution of conflicts:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 10.0pt'><a href="http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/9a30112c27d1167cc12563ed004d8f15?Opendocument">http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/(Symbol)/9a30112c27d1167cc12563ed004d8f15?Opendocument</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 10.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:9.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>THE TANDEM PROJECT PROPOSALS<o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>(1) Develop a model local-national-international integrated approach to human rights and freedom of religion or belief, appropriate to the cultures of each country, as <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>follow-up </span></i>to the Universal Periodic Review. 1. (2) Use International Human Rights Standards on Freedom of Religion or Belief as a rule of law for inclusive and genuine dialogue on core values within and among nations, all religions and other beliefs, and for protection against discrimination. (3) Use the standards on freedom of religion or belief in education curricula and places of worship,  teaching children, from the very beginning, that their own religion is one out of many and that it is a personal choice for everyone to adhere to the religion or belief by which he or she feels most inspired, or to adhere to no religion or belief at all. 2.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 10.0pt'>1:<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </span></b><st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">USA</st1:place></st1:country-region> Example<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: </span></b><font color="#1f497d"><span style='color:#1F497D'><a href="http://www.tandemproject.com/links/051609_usa.pdf">Universal Periodic Review &amp; Freedom of Religion or Belief</a><o:p></o:p></span></font></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=1 color="#1f497d" face=Calibri><span style='font-size:8.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 10.0pt'>2:<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold; mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </span></b>Mr.<st1:PersonName w:st="on"> <st1:PersonName w:st="on">Piet de Klerk</st1:PersonName></st1:PersonName>, Ambassador At-Large of the Netherlands on Human Rights, 25 year Anniversary of 1981 UN Declaration on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Prague, Czech Republic. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal>Documents Attached:</p> <p class=MsoNormal>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal><a href="080409_upr_files/080409_upr.doc" target="_blank">Indonesia - Pancasila &amp; the Universal Periodic Review</a></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a href="080409_upr_files/080409_upr2.doc" target="_blank">Pancasila - Philosophical Foundation of Indonesian State</a></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a href="080409_upr_files/080409_upr3.doc" target="_blank">UN Mandate on Freedom of Religion or Belief Adopted Without Consensus</a></p> <p class=MsoNormal><a href="080409_upr_files/080409_upr4.doc" target="_blank">Indonesia Bans Sects it Deems Blasphemous</a></p> <p class=MsoNormal>&nbsp;</p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size: 11.0pt'>______________________________________________________________________________________________<o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Surely one of the best hopes for humankind is to embrace a culture in which religions and other beliefs accept one another, in which wars and violence are not tolerated in the name of an exclusive right to truth, in which children are raised to solve conflicts with mediation, compassion and understanding. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>We welcome<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'> ideas on how this can be accomplished; </span></b><a href="mailto:info@tandemproject.com">info@tandemproject.com</a>. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-weight:bold;mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>The Tandem Project </span></font></b><font size=2><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>is a non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1986 to build understanding, tolerance and respect for diversity, and to prevent discrimination in matters relating to freedom of religion <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>or belief. The Tandem Project has sponsored multiple conferences, curricula, reference materials and programs on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion - and 1981 United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. <o:p></o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='text-align:justify'><font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:8.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>The Tandem Project is a UN NGO in Special Consultative Status with the <o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Economic and Social Council of the United Nations<o:p></o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 face=Arial><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Arial","sans-serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></font></p> </div> </body> </html>