THE TANDEM PROJECT
UNITED NATIONS, HUMAN RIGHTS,
FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF
SOMALI WOMEN MAKE
Issue: Somali Women Make
For: United Nations, Governments, Religions or Beliefs, Academia, NGOs, Media, Civil Society
This Review & Issue Statement introduces The Tandem Project Country & Community Database, a system for collecting and disseminating information from around the world on Article 18 – Everyone has a right to freedom of religion or belief – of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the 1981 UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. Database replies are for United Nations Universal Periodic Reviews, Treaty-body and Special Procedures reports. Individuals are invited to submit replies from geographic community locations and communities of interest. An attached Word Document demonstrates the use of the Database to reply to this Review and Issue Statement.
Objective: Build understanding and support for Article 18, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights –Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion - and the 1981 UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. Encourage the United Nations, Governments, Religions or Beliefs, Academia, NGOs, Media and Civil Society to use these international human rights standards as essential for long-term solutions to conflicts based on religion or belief.
Challenge: In 1968 the United Nations deferred work on an International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Religious Intolerance, because of its apparent complexity and sensitivity. In the twenty-first century, a dramatic increase of intolerance and discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is motivating a worldwide search to find solutions to these problems. This is a challenge calling for enhanced dialogue by States and others; including consideration of an International Convention on Freedom of Religion or Belief for protection of and accountability by all religions or beliefs. The tensions in today’s world inspire a question such as:
Extracts: Extracts are presented under the Eight Articles of the 1981 U.N. Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief. Examples of extracts are presented prior to the Issue Statement for each Review.
4. 1 All States shall take effective measures to prevent and eliminate discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief in the recognition, exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms in all fields of civil, economic, political, social and cultural life.
4.1.5: Cultural Life
In a capital-pooling tradition harking back to her African homeland, Yusuf, executive director of the Aishah Center for Women, hopes that eventually 100 women will invest as much as $5,000 each in the Khadijah Women's Cooperative, which plans to own and run a store targeting Somali and other Minneapolis shoppers. By early February she expects to announce a location and finish a business plan.
But Yusuf will also be pleased if the
"It's too early yet to predict a timetable or
what will happen," says Lee Roper-Batker, president and CEO of the Women's
Target did not respond to a request for an
interview to discuss its policies on those issues, but a
One Muslim employee verified that she is willing to scan packaged pork products but when another Muslim isn't, the employee might be transferred to a non-grocery department.
A cashiering job may be a springboard to economic
stability, but it's rarely the ultimate goal of Somali women, says Yusuf, who
has lived in the
Traditionally, Yusuf says, Somali women supported one another's businesses and provided capital infusions by pooling resources in a "hagebad." Each woman in a hagebad contributes a monthly amount and takes her turn receiving the kitty on a rotating basis.
That practice continues to thrive here, Yusuf says, giving women access to funds they otherwise would not have, since many avoid credit cards and conventional banking services because of their religious beliefs.
ISSUE STATEMENT: This article points out the difficulties and the
advantages of establishing an identity as a Muslim in a community such as
But intolerance and discrimination against Muslims
Economic progress for Minneapolis Somali women is an example of respect for cultural-religious diversity shown by many Minnesotans. There are observers of Islam which hold that the Muslim faith, by its very nature, will have a hard time accepting the underlying principles of democracy as they relate to freedom of religion or belief in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This calls for respectful dialogue on the values of International Human Rights Standards on Freedom of Religion or Belief in tandem, with respect for the rights of all religions or beliefs.
If you wish to reply to this Issue Statement open The Tandem Project Country & Community Database link for the 1981 UN Declaration and scroll to: Article 4.1.2 and 4.1.5:
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights First Preamble affirms: “Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. This principle suggests all States recalling their history, culture and constitution, provide equal protection by law for theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief. This is international law under the United Nations Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. International Human Rights Standards on Freedom of Religion or Belief are essential for long term solutions to conflicts based on religion or belief.
The Tandem Project: a non-profit, non-governmental organization established in 1986 to build understanding and respect for diversity of religion or belief, and prevent discrimination in matters relating to freedom of religion or belief. The Tandem Project has sponsored multiple conferences, curricula, reference materials and programs on Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights – Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion - and the 1981 United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief.
The Tandem Project initiative was launched in 1986 as the result of a co-founder representing the World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA) at a 1984 United Nations Geneva Seminar, Encouragement of Understanding, Tolerance and Respect in Matters Relating to Freedom of Religion or Belief, called by the UN Secretariat on ways to implement the 1981 UN Declaration. In 1986, The Tandem Project organized the first NGO International Conference on the 1981 UN Declaration.
The Tandem Project Executive Director: Michael M. Roan, email@example.com.
The Tandem Project is a UN NGO in Special Consultative Status with the
Economic and Social Council of the United Nations